全球重要農業遺產

全球重要農業文化遺產(Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems-GIAHS)
在世界各地,有各種不同的農業文化和景觀,農牧民對各種自然資源的合理使用和保持,運用適合當地情況的管理措施。在當地的知識和經驗的基礎上,這些巧妙的農業文化系統反映了先人的智慧,其多樣性的知識,與自然的深刻關係。這些文化遺產不僅突顯不凡的景觀和全球農業生物多樣性的意義的,當地住民知識和​​彈性的生態系統造成的,在提供多種商品和持續服務的情況下,食品和生計安全和生活質量仍高於一切。
Worldwide, specific agricultural systems and landscapes have been created, shaped and maintained by generations of farmers and herders based on diverse natural resources, using locally adapted management practices. Building on local knowledge and experience, these ingenious agri-cultural systems reflect the evolution of humankind, the diversity of its knowledge, and its profound relationship with nature. These systems have resulted not only in outstanding landscapes, maintenance and adaptation of globally significant agricultural biodiversity, indigenous knowledge systems and resilient ecosystems, but, above all, in the sustained provision of multiple goods and services, food and livelihood security and quality of life.
2002年農糧組織開始為全球重要農業文化遺產主動進行保護和適應性管理。該倡議旨在建立國際認可的,動態保護和適應性管理的全球重要農業文化遺產系統和當地住民的農業生物多樣性,知識系統,食品和生計安全和世界各地的文化。
In order to safeguard and support world’s agri-cultural heritage systems in 2002 FAO started an initiative for the conservation and adaptive management of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage systems (GIAHS). The initiative aims to establish the basis for international recognition, dynamic conservation and adaptive management of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) and their agricultural biodiversity, knowledge systems, food and livelihood security and cultures throughout the world.
GIAHS倡議已確定試點,在秘魯,智利,中國,菲律賓,突尼斯,阿爾及利亞,肯尼亞和坦桑尼亞。在這些試驗系統的動態保護管理辦法將制定和實施,以協助國家和地方的利益相關者在保護和適應管理農業文化遺產。
The GIAHS initiative has identified pilot sites in Peru, Chile, China, Philippines, Tunisia, Algeria, Kenya and Tanzania. In these pilot systems dynamic conservation management approaches will be developed and implemented, to assist national and local stakeholders in the conservation and adaptive management of the systems and their components.
The initiative shall promote dynamic conservation approach that:
該倡議應促進保護的方法:
允許農民培育和適應,他們已經開發,同時確保糧食安全和福利及生物多樣性;
在就地保護生物多樣性和傳統知識的工作,支持保護政策和激勵;
認識到食品和文化的多樣性和當地社區和土著人民的成果的權利。
allows farmers to nurture and adapt the systems and biodiversity they have developed while ensuring food security and human well-being;
supports protective government policies and incentives while working for in situ conservation of biodiversity and traditional knowledge;
recognizes the right to food and the cultural diversity and achievements of local communities and indigenous peoples.
最後研究的方法將集冊在文化遺產的就地保護的相關傳統知識和當地自然資源管理機構,作為一種方式,以確保持續的合作,適應不斷變化的環境和社會經濟環境,加強社會的需求及環境的應變能力和協同進化的農業系統的平衡。
Crystallizes the need for approaches that integrate the in situ conservation of genetic resources with related traditional knowledge and local institutions for natural resource management, as a way to ensure continuous co-adaptation to a changing physical and socio-economic environment, by strengthening the social-environmental resilience and co-evolutionary balance of agricultural systems.
這作為將在一個長期計劃的基礎上,通過全球重要農業文化遺產(GIAHS)繼續記錄,將他們的機動保護和適應性管理制定具體的政策和行動計劃。
The initiative will serve as basis for a long term programme through which Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) of the world will continue to be identified, documented and internationally recognized and specific policies and actions programs will be devised for their dynamic conservation and adaptive management.

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