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Mosquito Killer

宛若森林環繞的潮溼環境,
三富農場竟然可以沒有蚊子?
怎麼辦到的?
Eco Mosquito Killer II
By Sunny Arky from Taiwan Aquaponics Association
The summer is near, the mosquito is more. The government broadcasts to clear all the blanket bucket to avoid mosquito, etc. We are used to think about the total mindset. However, Mr. Hsu, from the Yilan, Taiwan, has the different concept about the criteria how we grow up the mosquito to kill mosquito. However, it works for 200 pcs of watered buckets to prevent the mosquito army.
減少了蚊子的侵擾,
人們在三富農場更能自在
從事自然觀察與休閒活動。
Sanfu farm, located at southest hill near Yilan and surranded by plants and forest, is natural and under development. However, the location is at the middle of hills and it is rainy at summer, there are so many noisy mosquito nearby. We can not find the mosquito army when we sit at the outdoor cafe backyard. There is no DDT, Mosquito smells, and long pant, etc., but no mosquito attack.
Mr. Hsu, we welcome the visitors to enjoy the frest air not mosquito coil. We used to spay DDT before, however, mosquito will come back 2 weeks later. It  was annoying. He observes the nature as hobbist and find the turnkey solution.
Mr. Hsu observed the under grounded insect on fish tanks several years ago. He found there are a lot of tadpoles after rainfalls, then there are a lot of larvae soon. When they grow up, there a lot of moquito army soon. If we add more soap powder and bleach at the rainfall pond, we will kill larvae and tadpoles too. If we clear the water, it comes the same result. So, there are so many rainfall ponds all over the hills, it is impossible to clear all of them, let's use the rainfall ponds now.
The mosquito like to spawn on rainfall ponds, so we kill the larvae before they grow up. Is it the turnkey solution? Mr. Hsu designed the mosquito pond instead to clear the pond. Those pond attract mosquito to spawn and we grow up the fish too. If there are larvae, the fishes are happy to have the meal. If there are no larvae, these is no mosquito too.
Does it work? We have to make some experiment all over the hills and it takes time. Yes, it works. There are less mosquito and more fishes, but it has a little problem. We have to refresh the water, or the fishes will die. The fish is less, the mosquito is more. There are so many mosquito pond all over the hills, it will be another problem to refresh the water. How about we auto-refresh the water?
就是如小圖中的一根小管子,
徐文良利用「連通管原理」讓「蚊子陷阱」
可以自動換水,既達到誘殺蚊子的效果,
盆內不是死水一潭,反倒生機盎然。
Mr. Hsu comes out Mosquito Killer, second edition. This edition is with siphon tube, which is connected with the tank. The outer tube is 3 cm lower than the tank to help the tank refresh the bottom water, when it rains. The tank is always at the same level, and the rain is more, it auto-refresh the water more. The second edition is with the simple design become the auto-fresh Mosquito killer.
Mr. Hsu realize the government policy is to prevent, however, it is not the turnkey solution. The mosquito killer II benefits more and more when we increase the total density after weeks. It is impossible to kill all the mosquito, however, Mr. Hsu smiles and explains the outdoor cafe and forest cafe is pretty difficult to find the mosquito.
師法自然、了解本身條件、
善用自然工法,三富農場幾乎沒有蚊子叮咬
的困擾,還造就了相當天然的優雅環境。
There was a school president visited Sanfu farm and complained the repellent plants did not work when they grow up at the school. Mr. Hsu explained that the plants need sunshine, however the mosquito like the wet and dark, so the repellent plant did not work well at all.
Mosquito Killer II spread to South-East Asia countries these years. They test and install a lot at their countries. Mr. Hsu is proud of the Mosquito killer II and reserve the patent. He smiles and teach freely to all the students who are willing to understand how it works, and hopes we shall have more ECO and effective way to kill mosquito and better living space.
He points out the location of mosquito killer II shall be dark and wet. The longer and more density come out the better performance.

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全日照  8個小時日照 瓜類、茄果類、豆類、山藥、豆薯(地瓜)。番茄、黃瓜、茄子、辣椒等喜溫中、強光性
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其次是根莖類,如:馬鈴薯、甜菜、胡蘿蔔、白蘿蔔、甘藷、山藥等等。至少需半日照,才能生長,芋頭雖喜歡全日照,但比其他蔬菜耐蔭。 
需要中等光照大白菜、甘藍、芥菜、蒜、洋蔥。 

長日性蔬菜白菜、甘藍、芥菜、蘿蔔、胡蘿蔔、芹菜、菠菜、萵苣、蠶豆、豌豆、大蔥、洋蔥。

短日性蔬菜豇豆、扁豆、莧菜、空心菜。         

中光性蔬菜黃瓜、番茄、茄子、辣椒、菜豆

菜豆

菜豆喜溫暖,不耐高溫和霜凍。菜豆種子發芽的適溫為20-30℃;在40℃以上的高溫和10℃以下的低溫,種子不易發芽。幼苗生長適宜氣溫為18-25℃。花芽分化的適宜氣溫為20-25℃,過高或過低溫度易出現發育不完全的花蕾、落花。

菜豆對光照強度的要求較高。在適宜溫度條件下,光照充足則植株生長健壯,莖的節間短而分枝多,開花結莢比較多,而且有利於根部對磷肥的吸收。當光照強度減弱時,植株易徒長,莖的節間長,分枝少,葉質薄,而且開花結莢數少,易落花落莢。

菜豆根系強大,能耐一定程度乾旱,但喜中度濕潤土壤條件,要求水分供應適中,不耐澇。生長期適宜土壤濕度為田間最大持水量的60%-70%,空氣相對濕度以80%為宜。開花結莢期對水分最敏感,此期土壤乾旱對開花結莢有不良影響,開花數、結莢數及莢內種子數減少。土壤水分過大時,下部葉片黃化,早脫落。空氣濕度過大會引起徒長、結莢不良。

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蝶豆花

蝶豆花 原產拉丁美洲的蝶豆花是一種典型的熱帶蔓藤植物,全年盛開。
butterfly pea,拉丁語叫:Clitoria ternatea,泰語叫Dok Anchan
中文名叫蝶豆花,藍蝶花,藍蝴蝶、蝴蝶藍花,還有蝴羊豆、豆碧等別名。
用蝶豆花當作高品位浪漫的茶品飲用、以及當作天然食品色素制作糕點是拉丁美洲和南洋國家的風情和習俗。
蝶豆花的味道自然甘甜,南洋國家的一些五星級酒店通常把蝶豆花茶當作高貴的迎賓茶來接待貴賓。
營養價值 蝶豆花具有豐富的維他命A,C和E, 而且可以提高免疫力, 幫助和促進皮膚的彈力和骨膠原, 同時還具有補腦,促進腦的活力,防止胃痛,抗憂郁、抗壓力、鎮靜、止驚厥、緩和情緒等天然保健功效。
蝶豆花中的天然藍色素,也是有療效的。如果將其加入檸檬並調制成花茶飲品,就是保健心臟血管的絕佳飲料。
食用價值 蝶豆花的可食部位是葉、花及嫩莢。較幼嫩的葉片及盛開的花朵,亦可拿來煮湯、油炸等。用嫩芽來炒肉絲或煮熟後食用,都十分可口。蝶豆花的葉及花的萃取液,可當作純天然的食品染料。

直達香草(herb4kitchen)
PS.營業用批量報價

錦鯉養殖基本知識

◎飼養與管理的重點 只要不是劇烈的變化,錦鯉很容易適應各水溫水質等環境的變化。並不是沒有大庭園就無法飼養,有人甚至在二樓陽台或頂樓陽台造水池飼養。然而我們是欣賞錦鯉雄壯豪邁之氣,因此水池盡量寬闊為宜,以水深1.2m以上為理想。魚池必須有底水排出,過濾循環等設備。用水不一定要取地下水,自來水也可以飼養。
<因為都市中有景觀安全的需求,及屋頂花園有荷重的需求,錦鯉池水深可以低到30cm左右。>
◎每天排水
A、糞或枯死的藻類全部送至過濾槽的話,耗氧量會增大,pH就下降,更會轉變為亞硝酸,增了過濾槽的負擔。為了盡量減輕過濾槽的負擔,每天至少把魚池的底水排水使固物排出去,把中間水送去沉澱槽及過濾槽。 
B、把固體廢物的魚糞集中排出,最好不要從池底打氣而是從排糞口的上方40~50公分打打氣。如此氣泡往上昇。池水產生對流。污物就集中於排糞口。
<可以設計水流把固體廢物盡量集中或排出到過濾系統中。>
◎過濾槽管理
A、細菌附著於濾材,分解固體廢物會消耗大量的氧。 
B、溶氧不足時,厭氧菌會把硝酸還原亞硝酸,或從碳酸氣發生沼氣,也會從硫酸分解產生硫化氫等有毒氣體。
<如果溶氧不足,可以優先把打氣設備放置到生化過濾槽中。>
◎溶氧要充份
A、水中溶氧不足的話,會影響錦鯉的生育,飼料的消化,,水質的維持等等。
B、硝酸,亞硝酸的濃度增高時,會影響溶氧量。所以優先去除硝酸及亞硝酸。
C、使用沸石可輕易去除硝酸,沸石量約等重於魚體總重量。
<沸石再生法,是將沸石浸泡25℃以上1:10食鹽水數小時,再以清水洗淨即可。>
◎水質的控制
水質硬度高的話,錦鯉肌膚經常會有少許充血的狀態。豔麗性也會慢慢消失,紅緋會上升。pH值低,肌膚變的很不好看,但是雖餵增色飼料,依然不見起色,徒增浪費。pH值7.1~7.5最適宜的。
◎鯉餌的重要性
良好的魚餌不會崩壞鯉的體型。餌的量也是在夏天水溫 高的時候,訂定停餌期間,才是整體來說使鯉變胖最重要的秘訣。如果還是想 要給很多餌的話,要增加循還量。錦鯉在水溫超過28度的時候,應給與相當於 鯉全體重量3%的餌。水溫25度時1.5%,水溫20度時0.3%,16度以下則要停止鯉餌,這就是鯉魚長得強壯的要訣。連續不斷地給鯉餌的話,引起內臟障礙, 而影響到鯉不會長壯,甚至導至體型的變歪。
◎魚病預防
水的管理與定期消毒都是很重要的步驟,…