環保廁所免沖水蚯蚓大軍吃便便

環保廁所免沖水蚯蚓大軍吃便便

2012/10/5, Michel Viatteau外稿
Turd-eating worms clear air around Canadian toilets October 5, 2012 by Michel Viatteau

一般人跟著氣味找廁所,但是魁北克的高球俱樂部不行,因為廁所用蟲清糞,因此沒有異味。

整齊木製廁所下有蚯蚓大軍,北美的第一個生態蚯蚓廁所將大量腐爛的有機物質轉化為堆肥。設計蚯蚓為動力是其在於其不用電力,根據生態圈技術的國際業務佛雷德里克·東北農業大學。法國附近的尼翁,它的開發。 原產於歐洲的赤子愛勝蚓和紅蚯蚓從法國進口,並由當地海倫博蒙特放置在層與層之間的牛糞和稻草下的廁所的地下空間。 “1公斤的蚯蚓每天吃一公斤的食物,”她告訴法新社,示威期間在Saint-Hyacinthe蒙特利爾東部的高爾夫球場。 “而更多的船尾有吃的,他們更重現。” 在洗手間既不使用水也沒有電,需要維修之前,可以使用10000倍。 一個廁所建在Saint-Hyacinthe,魁北克省的生態圈技術。軍隊的蠕蟲病毒是在廁所的工作,貪婪地吞噬著每一個位落在他們的問題。新的廁所並不便宜,但它需要在所有沒有電,沒有水,沒有維護,但日常清潔的地板,使衛生紙。 腳下的踏板上廁所觸發系統的傳送帶,獨立的排泄物從尿中排出,然後將其過濾砂子,同時大便的蠕蟲。 產生典型的令人不愉快的氣味在一些較老的幹式廁所,尿液與糞便混合,東北農業大學。 在一個通風系統生態圈的洗手間也流動空氣,離洗手間,,雙確保它不會產生難聞的氣味。 東北農業大學指出,幾十個安裝在法國,西班牙,瑞士和意大利的概念證明,電或水,山撤退或自然公園。 加拿大廣袤的原野上點綴著數以百計的數以千計的遠程小木屋,露營,滑雪小屋和狩獵營地,以及糖窩棚,這項技術是一個理想的市場。 幾個品種的幹堆肥廁所已經可以在全國各地,主要集中在私人擁有的假期在樹林中的小木屋。 在大多數這些,糞便中混有木屑,椰棕或泥炭蘚支持好氧處理,吸收液體和減少氣味一勺。 分解過程一般是比在潮濕的污水處理系統,如化糞池更快。 生態圈的廁所是不便宜$ 40,000(40,800美元),相比一個平均能1800美元,競爭對手收取。但是,東北農業大學說,因為銷售增加,價格可能會下降。 他補充說,維修費,設施需要檢查的蠕蟲每年進行一次,而其他乾燥堆肥廁所往往需要更多的維護和輸出管理,可以忽略不計。
The worm-powered design is a first of its kind in North America, according to Ecosphere Technologies international sales representative Frederic Neau. It was developed near Nyons, France. A half-kilogram (1.1 pounds) of Eisenia fetida or red wiggler worms native to Europe imported from France and raised locally by Helene Beaumont are placed between layers of dung and straw in an underground space beneath the toilet. "A worm eats almost its own weight in food each day," she told AFP during a demonstration at the golf course in Saint-Hyacinthe east of Montreal. "And the more poop there is to eat, the more they reproduce." The washroom uses neither water nor electricity, and can be used 10,000 times before needing maintenance. A toilet built by Ecosphere Technologies in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec. An army of worms is at work under the toilet, devouring voraciously every bit of matter that falls upon them. The new toilet doesn't come cheap but it needs no electricity, no water and no maintenance at all, except usual cleaning of the floor and bringing in toilet paper. A pedal at the foot of the toilet triggers a system of conveyor belts that separate fecal matter from urine, which is then filtered through sand while the stool goes to the worms. Urine mixed with feces is what produces the typical unpleasant odors in some older dry toilets, said Neau. A venting system in Ecosphere's washroom also flows air away from the washroom to doubly ensure it produces no bad smells. Neau pointed to dozens of installations in France, Spain, Switzerland and Italy as proof of concept, where electricity or water may not be available, in mountain retreats or nature parks. Canada's vast wilderness dotted with hundreds of thousands of remote cabins and campgrounds, ski lodges and hunting camps, as well as sugar shacks makes it an ideal market for this technology. Several varieties of dry composting toilets can already be found throughout the country, mostly in privately-owned vacation cabins in the woods. In most of these, excrement is mixed with a scoop of sawdust, coconut coir or peat moss to support aerobic processing, absorb liquids and reduce odors. The decomposition process is generally faster than in wet sewage treatment systems such as septic tanks. Ecosphere's toilets are not cheap at Can$40,000 (US$40,800) each, compared to competitors that charge an average of Can$1,800. But Neau said the price will likely drop as sales increase. Maintenance costs, he added, are negligible since the facilities only require a check on the worms once per year, while other dry composting toilets often need far more maintenance and output management.
加拿大公廁利用可分解腐化有機物質的紅蚯蚓,將人類排泄物分解為有機化肥,廁所即使沒電沒水也不會散發惡臭。 魁北克普羅威登斯高爾夫球場的木製廁所,底下就是成群的蚯蚓大軍,能夠把腐敗的有機物質分解成化肥。這是北美洲首度引進這項法國開發的技術,從法國進口0.5公斤的赤子愛勝蚓(Eisenia fedida)或稱紅蚯蚓(red wiggler worm),並在當地飼養,放在廁所下方的糞肥與稻草間。 有了紅蚯蚓,廁所不需水和電,使用1萬次才需要保養1次。使用者只要踩下開關,輸送帶系統就會啟動,將尿液與糞便分開來,尿液由沙子過濾,而糞便就交給蚯蚓大軍。廁所也會有通風系統,讓廁所空氣保持清新。 飼養人員鮑蒙表示,蚯蚓每天的食量和自己的體重相當,糞便越多,蚯蚓越能繁殖。分解排泄物的速度也會比化糞池還快。 法國、西班牙、瑞士、義大利的深山寓所或自然公園,因為缺水缺電,所以很多地方都有裝設這種廁所。加拿大廣大的曠野有成千上萬個小屋、營地、滑雪小屋、狩獵營地,還有很多楓糖屋,十分適合這項科技發展。 不過,這種環保廁所價格不低,每個要價4萬加幣(約117萬台幣),其他的環保廁所平均價格為1800加幣(約5萬3000元台幣)。不過因為蚯蚓只需要1年檢查1次,所以幾乎不需要任何保養費用。

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