“I believe it is our privilege and duty to create an urban agricultural training and demonstration site that directly reflects our commitment to sustainability and that will serve as a model for other programs throughout the country” - WILL ALLEN, FOUNDER AND CEO, GROWING POWER

The Vision: Growing Power inspires communities to build sustainable food systems that are equitable and ecologically sound, creating a just world, one food-secure community at a time.

The Mission: Growing Power, Inc. is a non-profit organization and land trust supporting people from diverse backgrounds and the environment in which they live by helping to provide equal access to healthy, high-quality, safe and affordable food. This mission is implemented by providing hands-on training, on-the-ground demonstration, outreach and technical assistance through the development of Community Food Systems that help people grow, process, market and distribute food in a sustainable manner.

The Need: Located on an historic site that hosts the last remaining farm and greenhouse operation in the City of Milwaukee, Growing Power has become a national leader in providing neighborhood-based sustainable agricultural education. As the organization has grown, the need for additional space to support production, classes, meetings, meal preparation, offices, and on-site warehousing has grown exponentially. The construction of a new training center and warehouse facility represents the unique opportunity to meet growing program needs while serving as a model of ecological sustainability.

“I see the decade of 2010 as potentially explosive for what Will Allen calls ‘The Good Food Revolution.’” - JERRY KAUFMAN, BOARD PRESIDENT, GROWING POWER
The Vertical Farm

Imagine a five-story farm in the middle of a city! This innovative conceptual design developed by Growing Power and The Kubala Washatko Architects, Inc. will expand and improve Growing Power’s greenhouse and aquaponics operations currently spread over a two-acre site located in the City of Milwaukee. Five stories of south-facing greenhouse areas will allow production of plants, vegetables, and herbs year-round. Expanded educational classrooms, conference spaces, demonstration kitchen, food processing and storage, freezers, and loading docks will further support Growing Power’s expanding mission as a local and national resource for learning about sustainable urban food production. Administrative offices, volunteer spaces, and staff support areas will be closely connected to greenhouse and educational areas to allow for active observation and participation.

“The decline in arable land, ongoing global climate change, water shortages and continued population growth could change our view of traditional farming from soil-based operations to highly efficient greenhouses or urban farms.” - ALLEN WASHATKO, TKWA

Cast-in-place tilt-up concrete panel construction will provide an affordable, energy efficient, structurally stable, and long-lasting building shell appropriate for intensive farming operations. The vertical farming concept can also be applied to the re-use of abandoned industrial buildings often found in urban centers. Several existing historic greenhouses will be preserved on-site.
The Outdoor Market

In its current facility, Growing Power operates a small retail store to sell produce, meat, worm castings, and compost to the community. The new Vertical Farm will expand and improve the year-round indoor retail space selling fresh, nutritious, and affordable food. In addition, the Vertical Farm will create an active outdoor market area and become a community gathering place for work, learning, and social activities.
Water, Nutrients, + Energy

Water is an important part of daily life at Growing Power. Water fills the hydroponic tanks for raising fish and is essential for growing a myriad variety of plants, vegetables, and herbs. A closed loop of water and nutrients circulates throughout the building; fish wastes are used as food for plants, while plants clean and filter the water for fish. Rainwater falling on the building is collected and stored to support the system.

Energy flows throughout the building are carefully designed. The dramatic sloped surface of the building absorbs sunlight and takes advantage of convective currents created by solar heating. Heat generated by the sun is stored in thermal mass in the ground under the building and used to warm the building in winter. Roof-mounted photovoltaic panels and thermal solar panels will generate a portion of the building energy needs. Introduction of natural daylight will reduce energy use.




全日照  8個小時日照 瓜類、茄果類、豆類、山藥、豆薯(地瓜)。番茄、黃瓜、茄子、辣椒等喜溫中、強光性









菜豆生育過程中,主要吸收鉀和氮較多,還要吸收一定量的磷和鈣,才能良好發育。結莢期吸收磷鉀量較大。磷鉀肥對菜豆植株的生長發育、根瘤菌的發育、花芽分化、開花結莢和種子的發育等均有影響。缺乏磷肥,菜豆嫩莢和種子的品質和產量就會降低。缺鈣,幼葉葉片捲曲,葉緣失綠和生長點死亡。缺硼,則根係不發達,影響根瘤菌固氮,使花和豆莢發育不良。 耐陰半陰(大概3-4小時日照) 應選擇耐陰的蔬菜種植,如萵…


Dried lemons are actually limes and are used heavily in Persian Gulf and also Iranian cuisine where they add a strong bitter flavor in addition to sourness. They are made by boiling ripe limes in salt water, and then sun drying until the insides turn black. The outside color varies from tan to black. They are sold whole or ground.

Black Lime is a spice used in Middle Eastern dishes. It is made by boiling fresh lime in salt water and sun drying until the insides turn black. The outside color varies from tan to black. It is sold whole or ground.

USE Black limes are usually used in legume, seafood or meat dishes. They are pierced, peeled or crushed before adding them to the dish. After cooking they become softer and edible. They can also be powdered and added to rice dishes. Powdered black lime is also used as an ingredient in Gulf-…


為何冰箱冷凍室非得是零下18度? 不少家庭的冰箱有led面板,可顯示冷藏室和冷凍室溫度。每次看到那個零下18℃,不少人,包括筆者在內就會禁不住提出一個小疑問:為什麼冷凍室溫度非得是零下18℃?最多零下1℃不就結冰了嗎?搞這麼低溫度實在是浪費電呢。















一般來說,能引起食物腐敗和食物致毒的嗜溫菌,在低於3 ℃情況下不產生毒素,當然,個別菌種例外。

而對於嗜冷菌,一般得在零下10 ℃到零下12 ℃時才會停止生長。

有的黴菌甚至要到零下15~零下18 ℃時才會停止生長。